POLITIFILE :: Partido Nacionalista Vasco ~ Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV)

Congress of Deputies, Spain's lower house of Parliament. Photo: Congreso.es
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• Partido Nacionalista Vasco ~ Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) •

EAJ-PNV_150The Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ, Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea in Basque; PNV, Partido Nacionalista Vasco in Spanish) is a centre-right political party active in the northwest autonomous community of the Basque Country (Pais Vasco) that promotes Basque nationalism, while not favoring full independence from Spain. Spain’s second-oldest political party, founded in 1895, the EAJ-PNV is also active in the neighboring autonomous community of Navarre and enjoys political support across Spain’s northwest border in the French Basque Country. The party maintains links with Basque diaspora communities abroad, through offices in Venezuela, Argentina, Mexico, Uruguay, Chile and the United States.

Following Spain’s return to democracy in the late 1970s, the EAJ-PNV governed the Basque Country continuously following devolution of Basque autonomy in the early 1980s until 2009 and currently has governed the region in a minority government since 2013. At the European level, the EAJ-PNV is affiliated with the European Democratic Party and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE).

In the Basque parliamentary elections of 2012, the EAJ-PNV obtained 384,766 votes for 34.61 percent of the vote total, nearly 10 percent more than its nearest electoral rival, the EH Bildu coalition. The election gave the party 27 of 75 seats in the regional assembly and enabled it to form a minority government, with party leader Iñigo Urkullu currently serving as Lehendekari, or Basque regional president.

In Spain’s general election of Dec. 2015, the EAJ-PNV won 302,316 votes for 1.02 percent of the national total, giving it six of the 350 seats in Spain’s lower house of parliament, the Congress of Deputies. In the subsequent 26th June 2016 general election, the party polled 286,215 votes — 16,101 fewer than in the general election six months earlier — but retained its 1.02 percent share of the national vote count. As a result of the lower vote count, the EAJ-PNV lost one seat in Congress, where it currently maintains five Deputies.

More information about the Partido Nacionalista Vasco is available at the following links online:







Updated as of 07/2016

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